Carbon dioxide emissions from ground transport
Ground transport to and from the airports accounts for a large share of the fossil carbon dioxide emissions that can be connected to airports. One of the greatest challenges in Swedavia’s climate work is to, together with other companies and organisations, reduce carbon dioxide emissions from ground transport and increase travel via public transport.
Promotes the growth of public transport
Swedavia promotes increased travel using public transport, which among other things means that it is easier and more convenient for passengers and employees to travel by rail or bus to our airports. This is done in various ways, for instance, by Swedavia investigating what interest there is among passengers and employees in different public transport alternatives, by providing different stakeholders with data and by disseminating information about alternatives through our different channels.
Swedavia’s largest airport, Stockholm Arlanda Airport, is served by a number of bus routes, express trains, long-distance trains and – since December 2012 – SL’s commuter trains. Today 52 per cent of the airport’s passengers take public transport to and from Stockholm Arlanda. The government bill submitted to the Swedish parliament in the autumn of 2012 includes a major investment in rail service to Göteborg Landvetter Airport. One of the most important changes at Bromma Stockholm Airport is the extension of the Tvärbana cross-town rails’s new Kista branch out to the airport.
Promoting environmentally friendly vehicles
One important measure is to increase the percentage of environmentally classified vehicles travelling to and from the airports. Since July 2011, only environmentally classified taxis may pick up passengers at Stockholm Arlanda. This initiative was named the “Environmental Initiative of the Year” at the Grand Travel Awards 2011. The fact that the airport achieved its target of 100 per cent environmental taxis, with the exception of vehicles that are built with a fixed ramp for transporting passengers with limited mobility and vehicles registered to transport 5-8 passengers, means that carbon dioxide emissions throughout the region have decreased. In addition, Stockholm Arlanda, in collaboration with Taxi 020 and Mitsubishi, launched Sweden’s first electric taxis. The target of 100 per cent environmental taxis also included Bromma Stockholm Airport and Göteborg Landvetter Airport, and today that target has also been reached there.
In 2012, a charging station for quickly charging electric buses was also inaugurated at Umeå Airport. The charging station is the result of a collaboration between Hybricon, Swedavia, Umeå Airport and the Municipality of Umeå. The charging station makes it possible to operate Umeå’s air coach routes with clean, quiet coaches. Charging posts for electric cars are available at Stockholm Arlanda Airport and Göteborg Landvetter Airport.
When it comes to emissions from vehicles that deliver goods to our airports, today there is a limited possibility to assess greenhouse gas emissions because the terms of delivery are free domicile, which means the seller is responsible for shipping the goods. Swedavia aims to increase its oversight in this area.